DIET FOR CROHN'S DISEASE
INTRODUCTION Crohn Disease is a chronic condition that causes inflammation and irritation affecting the gastrointestinal tract anywhere from mouth to anus. Nutrition is very important for patients and diet should be soft, easy to digest, bland and low-fiber. It can help to reduce the frequency of bowel movements and abdominal cramps. A high-fiber or high-fat diet including whole-grains, whole pulses, fried foods, processed foods, alcohol, Carbonated Beverages can increase flare-up or worsen symptoms like abdominal cramps and pain.
DAILY DIET SCHEDULE EARLY-MORNING Coriander leaves + Mint leave juice BREAKFAST Veg Semolina (Veg upma) / Broken wheat porridge (Veg Dalia) / Veg Vermicelli (Sewian) / Veg poha (Rice flakes) / Veg Idli / Semolina chila / Toast Brown bread (2 slice) / Stuffed Chapatti / Chapatti with Veg or Dal / Curd + 2 Eggs (white portion) / Pomegranate juice- 50 ml MID-MORNING Fruit / Coconut water/ Herbal tea / Green tea / Rose petal juice LUNCH Plain chapatti / Makki roti / Boiled Rice/ Veg khichri / Veg Dalia / Vegetable + Dal + Curd EVENING Herbal tea / Green tea / Rice flakes snack / Marigold juice / Veg Soup (Home-made) DINNER Plain chapatti / Makki roti / Veg khichri / Veg Dalia/ Boiled Rice / Vegetable + Dal
DIET INSTRUCTIONS CEREALS TO BE CONSUMED Whole wheat flour, Semolina, Vermicelli, Broken wheat, Cornmeal, White rice, Rice flakes, Puffed rice, Brown bread. TO BE AVOIDED Whole refined flour and products made of it. PULSES TO BE CONSUMED Split Moong Dal only- Split with removed skin. Split chickpeas, Pigeon peas, Yellow lentils TO BE AVOIDED Whole pulses like chickpeas, Kidney beans, Black gram dal, Bengal gram dal, Green Moong, Chickpea gram flour, Sorghum, Legumes and soybean VEGETABLES TO BE CONSUMED Carrot, Pumpkin, Bottle-guard, Ridge-guard, Round-guard, Bitter-guard, Turnip, Potato, Radish (if it suits), Capsicum- Boiled, Grilled and stuffed with rice and potatoes TO BE AVOIDED Tomato, Eggplant, Garlic, Ginger, Green leafy vegetable, Peas, Cauliflower, Cucumber, Taro roots, Beans, Okra, Spinach, Fenugreek leaves, Mustard leaves FRUIT TO BE CONSUMED (WITHOUT SKIN / STEAMED/ BOILED) Apple, Pear, Papaya, Water melon, Sapodilla plum, Muskmelon, Bael fruit, Banana, Pomegranate juice (without seeds) TO BE AVOIDED All citrus fruits like lemon, orange, pineapple, grapefruit, Mosambi, canned fruits. DAIRY PRODUCTS TO BE CONSUMED Low-fat yogurt (fresh), Buttermilk (Can be consumed, if it suits you). TO BE AVOIDED Milk, Full-fat yogurt, Cream cheese, Sour curd, Cheese or Condensed milk FLESH FOODS TO BE CONSUMED Egg white part only, Lean meat, Skinless chicken, Poultry chicken, Grilled or Roasted chicken and fish TO BE AVOIDED Fried, Processed or frozen meats, Prawns, Lobster, Crab, Lean beef, Pork, Lamb, Ham, Turkey, Egg yolk, Sausages, Mutton, Salami, Bacon, Duck, Goose, Meat pies, Visible fat on meat, Red meat, Organ part like Liver, Kidney and Chest. SPICES TO BE CONSUMED Fennel, Cumin, Coriander, Thyme, Salt (limited) TO BE AVOIDED Red chili powder, Peppers, Turmeric, Excess salt, Fenugreek, Cardamom OILS TO BE CONSUMED Cow ghee, Rice bran oil, Mustard oil TO BE AVOIDED Unsaturated fats, Cream, Palm oil, Coconut oil, Butter, hydrogenated oil, Soybean oil, Sunflower oil, Olive oil, cod liver oil, Flaxseed oil NUTS AND DRY FRUITS TO BE CONSUMED Soaked Almonds (4-5) TO BE AVOIDED Cashew nuts, Peanuts, Flax seed, Sesame seed, Pumpkin seed, Raisins, Walnut, Hazelnuts, Prunes, Figs, dried Apricot. DRINKS TO BE CONSUMED Homemade soup, Coconut water, Buttermilk, Sugarcane juice, Carrot juice, Bitter Gourd juice, Herbal Tea, Green tea, Pomegranate juice, Soya milk ( limited) and Almond milk (limited) TO BE AVOIDED Alcohol, Carbonated beverages, canned soup, packaged soup and canned fruit juices, caffeinated drinks, Smoothie, Lime water OTHER FOODS TO BE CONSUMED Homemade only, tragacanth gums, Jaggery TO BE AVOIDED All bakery products or processed foods, Maggie, pasta and noodles, Sauces, Fruit jellies, Jams, Mayonnaise, Ice-cream, Cream soups, Dark chocolate, Butter scotch, Coconut bar, Tomato Chutneys, Pickles, Junk food, Deep fried foods, Spicy foods, Too much salty food, Triphala, Tamarind, Psyllium husk.
DIET TIPS Walk of at least 30 min is recommended. Skipping of meals should be avoided, especially the breakfast Water intake should be increased at least 8-10 glass regularly Decoction of Pomegranate peel Juice of marigold flowers (20ml), Dalbergia leaves juice (20ml), sugarcane juice mixed with mint leaves (50ml), Rose Petal Juice (10ml), and Fresh Pomegranate Juice (50ml). All these juices should be consumed separately, per day. Do not eat too quickly.
HOME REMEDIES HERBAL TEA Boil 1/2 tsp each of fennel, coriander, cumin in 3 cups of water till it's reduced to 1 cups. CORIANDER & MINT Fresh leaves properly cleaned and washed- 5-10 leaves per day or 10 ml juice POMEGRANATE DECOCTION Take peel of pomegranate fruit (1 piece) and boil in one cup of water for about 5 minutes. Drink this decoction twice daily.